Wildlife-Protection-Activity in YAMBARU

We researched gWildlife-Protection-Activity in YAMBARU.h
We call the north of Nago gYAMBARU.h Rare natural creatures like Yambaru-Kuina(quasi-national natural monument), Yanbaru-Tenaga-Kogane, and Noguchigera, live there.
The purpose of Wildlife-Protection-Activity is to protect such living things.
We researched ganimals protected by activityh greality of activityh and gproblems of activity.h
We realized that we didn't know not only Protection-Activity but also YAMBARU and living things which live there.
When we confronted this problems with information of TV and newspapers,
we were just surprised at complexity of this problems.
We think that a first step to solve this problems is to get to know it. So, we want you to know about  YAMBARU by reading this report.


Wildlife in YAMBARU
Do you know the animals in YAMBARU forest?

@A lot of rare animals are living in the YAMBARU forest.
There are many animals which can live only in Okinawa.
And some of them are assigned
@for national or prefectural natural protected animals.
So, we are going to introduce them.


National protected animals


They are include the animals as follows.
It is "KENAGANEZUMI"(rat:Diplothrix legata) which has 5cm hair long with the brown back hair mixed, 
and is the biggest field rat in Japan.
"TOGENEZUMI"(rat:Tokudaia osimensis) whose hair is like a prickle in the back.
Characterized of the red beak and red leg are "YANBARUKUINA"(Rallus okinawae).
Moreover,"RYUKYUYAMAGAME"(tortoise:Geoemyda japonica) has a jagged carapace.
@It is about 13cm.
And "RYUKYUTENAGAKOGANE"(scarab beetle:Cheirotonus jamber) which lives only in the northern part of Okinawa island. It is the biggest kind of scarab beetles.


Prefectural protected animals

They include the animals as follows.
"HORUSUTOGAERU"(frog:Babina holsti) has forefoot with 5 fingers, and they live only in YAMBARU and Tokashiki island.
"IBOIMORI"(newt:Echinotriton andersoni) is a funny animal which has each feature of amphibians and reptiles. "KUROIWATOKAGEMODOKI"(houselizard:Goniurosaurus kuroiwae ) is not a lizard (we call it "TOKAGE") but the kind of houselizard is called the "MODOKI" (it means "fake" in Japanese).
@It lives in YAMBARU and its circumference. 
And "KONOHACHOU"(butterfly:Kallima inachus) inhabits in Okinawa island and Yaeyama Islands ,and their wings resemble leaves. 

As special protected animals, although it is the symbol bird of Okinawa, 
"NOGUCHIGERA" (woodpecker :Sapheopipo noguchii) etc. are which is in fear of extinction is animals mentioned.


Wildlife's future


As mentioned above, YAMBARU forest is a global asset
that a large variety of animals are existing together.
Now when the forest is threatened,
the time has come when we have to think about wildlife's future.


The Reality Of Protection Activity

Activity by Government

I divided protection activity into gactivity by Governmenth and gactivity by private.h
Government mainly establishes a law and builds facilities. Private does possible things for them.

@Wildlife-Protection-Center is in Hiji of Kunigami village. This center opened in April of 1999.
This center is conserving and aiding injured animals that live in YAMBARU.
This center examines the biology of life that live in YAMBARU.
And this center also introduces the wood of YAMBARU, and holds some seminars on YAMBARU.

In a legal aspect, Japan does not have the law of with the familiar name gwildlife protecting method.h In stead of it, Japan has the gThe method of saving a seed.h In the formal name, gThe law about preservation of the seed of wildness animals and plants with fear of extinctionh was issued in June of 1992.
This law was made based on the gWashington Treaty.h
The government takes a measure against the protection activities.

I have been to Wildlife-Protection-Center. This center has a spacious room with many photographs and pictures were displayed there.
The machine by which we can listen voice of Noguchigera was especially interesting.
There were many books, journals and papers there. They were very helpful (for me) to write this report.
And outside of this center there was a little river. A family was camping there. Let's visit this center!!


Activity by private

Activity by private can spread its activity. For example, picking up litter in (the) wood, buying land...etc.
Man who I asked about protection is acting with vigor in YAMBARU.
He buys land of YAMBARU and calls upon to stop foundation to protect nature. Papers to call on were written very close. (Reason for opposing to foundation, Residents' opinion on foundation...)
And for interesting in YAMBARU, he holds seminars for high school students and bird-watching meeting. When I took part in this meeting, I watched migratory birds along the Route 58.


     The problem of wildlife protection in YAMBARU
People's indifference

The people's indifference to wildlife protection is a big problem in carrying out protection activities. Such as deserting a pet.Dogs and cats thrown away into the woods of YAMBARU become wild. And they has destroyed the ecosystem of YAMBARU. To solve this problem, dogs and cats are being exterminated.  However, it@doesn't solve all the problems.

In order for indifference people to get interested in the problems. Wildlife-Protection-Cener introduces YAMBARU land, the wild-bird-watching meeting is held. Getting interested in wildlife leads to wildlife protection.


The problem of funds
Funds are big problems in performing protection activities. The committee which keeps the nature of YAMBARU bought some woods, in order to protect the woods of YAMBARU. But paying the tax of land was a hard problem. Since They could ceased to pay the tax of land now, because it is the land to protect wild nature species.